Wadi Rum is a protected area of 720 square kilometers of dramatic desert wilderness in the south of Jordan. It’s a valley dug by the erosion of an endorheic stream in the rocks of sandstone and granite. Jabal Umm Ad Dami, one of the mountains of Wadi Rum is the highest peak of Jordan which mesures 1700 meters.
Wadi Rum is one of the Jordan’s fourth UNESCO World Heritage site, joining Petra, Quseir Amra, and Um er Rassas on the list. Since 1988, Wadi Rum is protected by the RSCN (Jordan's Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature). Also, since 2004 the ASEZ (Aqaba Special Economic Zone) manages the protection of the desert. This organism works for the preservation of the natural environnement, the fauna and flora, but also to help about economics ans socials needs of the population.
It features a varied desert landscape of a range of narrow gorges, natural arches, towering cliffs and caves. More than 25 000 Petroglyphs, 20 000 inscriptions and archaeological remains in the site testify to 12,000 years of human occupation and interaction with the natural environment.
Faune and Flora
The fauna and flora of Wadi Rum are quite varied. On the flora side, you can see trees and bushes, fig and olive trees, thyme and mint plants. On the wildlife side, animals are rather discreet and nocturnal. You can see mammals such as camels, foxes, Nubian ibex, gray wolves, rabbits, dormice or hedgehogs. You can see reptiles such as lizards or snakes. At last, Wadi Rum is home to millions of birds.